I n the third arcade of the left nave, in place of the altar, one can admire the fresco of the Holy Trinity by Tommaso Guidi, known as Masaccio. In Giorgio Vasari covered the fresco with a stone altar and painting of the Madonna del Rosario now on show in the Bardi Chapel, upon the wishes of Camilla di Pietro Capponi, the widow of Pietro Arrighetti, in her last will and testament. The fresco was rediscovered in good condition during an 18th century restoration of the Church.
This is the most famous work of Masaccio beside the frescoes in the Cappelle Brancacci. There are various opinions as to exactly when this fresco was painted between and It was described in detail by Vasari inwho emphasized the virtuosity of the "trompe l'oeil" in the architectural structure of the painting: "a barrel vault drawn in perspective, and divided into squares with rosettes which diminish and are foreshortened so well that there seems to be a hole in the wall.
It demonstrated new possibilities for the two dimensional representation of three dimensional space, creating an image that attempted to directly map, rather than indirectly represent, an imagined space. It was commissioned by the very wealthy Domenico Di Lenzi, who kneels at bottom left. He is dressed as a Gonfalonier of Justice, the titular head of the Florentine republic.
This fresco painted on the wall of a tomb has been through at least one relocation, a fire and has been divided in half and painted over. Nonetheless this painting remains a cornerstone achievement in western painting. The Trinity is a very unique painting in a few different ways. Firstly, the vaulting done over the head of Christ who is held up by God was the first successful image to create the depth and the three dimensional image.
The Trinity is thought to have been created by Masaccio sometime between He died in late at the age of 26, or having just turned 27, leaving behind a relatively small body of work. This painting was one of his last major commissions, and is considered to be one of his masterpieces.
This painting addresses many religious concepts by setting up different levels and layers in the constructed space. The characters depicted are made up of four groups of human figures, which include the Trinity God the father, Jesus, and the Holy Spiritthe Virgin Mary and. Christians believe in the Old Testament, that has biblical records that date back to B.
Duerst, public domain, Missionaries discovered that the Inca had conceptualized their sun god as consisting of three related personalities: father, son, and brother. European art had long preferred depicting the Trinity as distinct beings: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, usually shown as a dove.
Florence produced many masters during the Renaissance, a miraculous feat given its 50, inhabitants but Masaccio stands out as a radical and innovative genius who changed the history of painting forever, leaving behind the stiffness of international gothic and inventing a new naturalness and vivacity. His heroic style and experiments in perspective became a prototype for the painters of the Italian Renaissance that succeeded him. Nothing would ever be the same again.