This paper reviews recent Australian and international research on the long-term effects of child sexual abuse. It aims to assist practitioners and policy-makers who work with survivors of sexual abuse and their families to understand the significant findings from this large and sometimes complex body of research. For consistency and clarity the current paper uses the term "victim" for the childhood experience and "survivor" for the adult experience or impact.
While physical abuse is shocking due to the marks it leaves, not all signs of child abuse are as obvious. Regardless of the type of abuse, the result is serious emotional harm. But there is help available.
A listing of state toll-free numbers for specific agencies to receive and investigate reports of suspected child abuse and neglect. Operates 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Call or text the hotline for crisis intervention, information, literature, and referrals.
Sexual abuse happens when someone forces or entices a child or young person to take part in sexual activity, either directly or as an observer, via the internet or when photos are taken and sent on mobile phones. Sexual abuse can include inappropriate touching, oral sex, sexual intercourse, exposing children to pornography, using a child in the production of pornography or luring children through the internet for sexual purposes. Sexual abusers can be anyone including family members, close friends, carers and people working with children.
Language: English Spanish Chinese. Background : Child sexual abuse CSA is a worldwide problem affecting children of all ages and socioeconomic backgrounds. A knowledge gap exists regarding the psychological outcomes for children, boys in particular, who are abused during their early lives.
Child abuse can be categorised into four different types: neglect, emotional abuse, physical abuse and sexual abuse. A child may be subjected to one or more forms of abuse at any given time. Abuse and neglect can occur within the family, in the community or in an institutional setting.
Child sexual abusealso called child molestationis a form of child abuse in which an adult or older adolescent uses a child for sexual stimulation. Child sexual abuse can occur in a variety of settings, including home, school, or work in places where child labor is common. Child marriage is one of the main forms of child sexual abuse; UNICEF has stated that child marriage "represents perhaps the most prevalent form of sexual abuse and exploitation of girls".
Child sexual abuse includes a wide range of sexual behaviors that take place between a child and an older child or adult. These sexual behaviors are intended to erotically arouse the older person, generally without consideration for the reactions or choices of the child and without consideration for the effects of the behavior upon the child. Behaviors that are sexually abusive often involve bodily contact, such as sexual kissing, touching, fondling of genitals, and oral, anal, or vaginal intercourse.
Prevention is our goal, but if necessary, the first step in helping abused or neglected children is learning to recognize the signs. The presence of a single sign does not prove child abuse is occurring in a family, but a closer look at the situation may be warranted when these signs appear repeatedly or in combination. For more information about detection and the signs of abuse, please visit www.